Fostering Multiliteracy in the Diverse Classroom

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Greek

Greek (ελληνικ γλσσα IPA: [eliniˈci ˈɣlosa] or ελληνικ IPA: [eliniˈka] — "Hellenic") is an Indo-European language with a documented history of 3,500 years, the longest of any single language in that language family. It is also one of the earliest attested Indo-European languages, with fragmentary records in Mycenaean dating back to the 15th or 14th century BC, matched only by the Anatolian languages and Vedic Sanskrit. Today, it is spoken by approximately 15–20 million people in Greece, Cyprus, and emigrant communities around the world, including Australia, Albania, Bulgaria, the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Italy, Turkey, Armenia, Georgia, Ukraine, Moldavia, Romania, and Egypt.

Greek has been written in the Greek alphabet (the first to introduce vowels) since the 9th century BC in Greece (before that in Linear B), and the 4th century BC in Cyprus (before that in Cypriot syllabary). Greek literature has a continuous history of nearly three thousand years.

Critical/Educational

Methods of teaching small children how to read and write the Greek language have changed substantially over the last 50 years, but the beautiful alphabet books, used as teaching aids in the 1930s and 1940s, continue to fascinate modern generations. This facsimile reprint presents one of these jewel-like books, first published in Athens in 1938 and recently obtained by the Gennadius Library through the generosity of Lloyd E. Cotsen.

Instrumental

Wall menu found at Al's Deli and Grill

Instrumental

Greek Cheese: found in Homewood, AL at a world market.

Critical/Educational

The Norse myths are some of the greatest stories of all time. Weird monsters, thoroughly human gods, elves and sprites and gnomes, with grim giants nursing ancient grudges lurking behind the mysterious and entrancing world of Norse myth comes alive in these pages thanks to the spellbinding storytelling and spectacular pictures of the incomparable d'Aulairse. In this classic book, the art of the Caldecott Award winning authors of d'Aulaires' Book of Greek Myths, a longtime favorite of children and parent, reaches one of its pinnacles.

Instrumental

Greek Resturant Menu: The Pita Shop

Instrumental

Greek Resturant Menu: The Purple Onion

Information about the Greek language:

Greek
ελληνικά ellēniká

Spoken in:

Greece, Cyprus, as well as in communities in the United States, Canada, Australia, Germany, Turkey, Albania, Armenia, Georgia, Italy, France, Spain, Egypt and the rest of the Greek diaspora.

Total speakers:

15-20 million 

Ranking:

61

Language family:

Indo-European
 Proto-Greek
  Greek 

Writing system:

Greek alphabet 

Official status

Official language of:

Greece, Cyprus and the European Union; recognised as minority language in parts of Italy and Albania.