Fostering Multiliteracy in the Diverse Classroom

Introduction Hebrew Spanish French Chinese Braille Greek Swedish Tips Conclusion


The Braille system, devised in 1821 by Frenchman Louis Braille, is a method that is widely used by blind people to read and write. Each Braille character or "cell" is made up of six dot positions, arranged in a rectangle containing two columns of three dots each. A dot may be raised at any of the six positions to form sixty-four combinations (including the combination in which no dots are raised). For reference purposes, a particular combination may be described by naming the positions where dots are raised, the positions being universally numbered 1 to 3, from top to bottom, on the left, and 4 to 6, from top to bottom, on the right. For example, dots 1-3-4 would describe a cell with three dots raised, at the top and bottom in the left column and on top of the right column (ie the letter 'm').


Braille code where the word ⠏⠗⠑⠍⠊⠑⠗(premier, French for "first") can be read.


Braille legend for the computer keyboard.


Touch the Universe is an innovative and unique astronomy book. It is a combination of Braille and large-print captions that face 14 pages of brilliant Hubble Space Telescope photos with embossed shapes that represent various astronomical objects such as stars, gas clouds, and jets of matter streaming into space.


Braille watch.


This Sign Language and Braille Blocks includes 27 blocks combining Sign Language and Braille.

Information about Braille:



Alphabet (non-linear writing)



Created by

Louis Braille


Time period:

1821 to the present

Parent writing systems:

Night writing